Do you find it confusing that some families pay child support privately, directly to the custodial parent, and others pay child support through the state in which the child support order was established? This is because there are actually four different types of child support cases. They are called "IV-D," "IV-A," "IV-E," and "Non IV-D" child support cases.
The designation "IV" actually refers to Title IV of the Social Security Act of 1975, which covers grants to states for the purpose of providing aid and services to needy families with children.Types of Child Support Cases:
- IV-D Cases: Cases where the custodial parent is receiving some sort of assistance from the Office of Child Support Enforcement. This may include locating the non-custodial parent, establishing paternity, or establishing and enforcing a child support order.
- IV-A Cases: Cases where the custodial parent is receiving public assistance from the state. In order to defray the costs of supporting the family, the state will automatically refer IV-A cases to the Office of Child Support Enforcement in order to attempt to collect child support directly from the non-custodial parent.
- IV-E Cases: Cases where the child/ren are being cared for by someone other than a parent, such as another relative or the foster care system. These cases are also automatically referred to the Office of Child Support Enforcement in order to attempt to recoup costs from the non-custodial parent(s).
- Non IV-D Cases: Cases where child support is established and maintained privately, such as following a divorce. Some Non IV-D cases become IV-D cases when they are referred to the Office of Child Support Enforcement in an attempt to collect outstanding, unpaid child support.